The regions of Aceh in Indonesia, Kedah in Malaysia, and Sokhla in Thailand are located in close proximity to each other, sharing similar environmental contexts and facing overlapping challenges. These regions are characterized by diverse ecosystems, including forests, coastal areas, and agricultural landscapes, which support the livelihoods of local communities and contribute to regional biodiversity.

Problem Analysis:

  1. Climate Change Impacts: The regions of Aceh, Kedah, and Sokhla are experiencing the adverse effects of climate change, including changes in temperature and precipitation patterns, sea-level rise, and increased frequency of extreme weather events. These impacts threaten agricultural productivity, water resources, and infrastructure resilience in all three regions.
  2. Deforestation and Habitat Loss: Deforestation and habitat loss are significant challenges in Aceh, Kedah, and Sokhla, driven by factors such as agricultural expansion, urbanization, and unsustainable logging practices. Loss of forest cover not only diminishes biodiversity but also reduces ecosystem services, such as carbon sequestration and watershed protection, affecting the well-being of communities reliant on these resources.
  3. Natural Resource Degradation: Unsustainable exploitation of natural resources, including fisheries, forests, and land, poses a threat to the long-term sustainability of Aceh, Kedah, and Sokhla. Overfishing, illegal logging, and land degradation are depleting valuable resources, undermining food security, livelihoods, and ecosystem health.
  4. Transboundary Pollution: Pollution from various sources, such as industrial activities, agricultural runoff, and marine debris, transcends national borders and affects the coastal and marine environments of Aceh, Kedah, and Sokhla. Water pollution and marine debris pose risks to marine biodiversity, human health, and coastal economies, necessitating collaborative efforts to address these transboundary issues.
  5. Community Vulnerability: Vulnerable communities in Aceh, Kedah, and Sokhla, including indigenous peoples and coastal populations, are disproportionately affected by environmental degradation and climate change impacts. These communities often lack access to resources, infrastructure, and information necessary to adapt to changing environmental conditions, exacerbating socio-economic disparities and increasing their vulnerability to environmental risks.

Overall Aim: The overall aim of our proposed project is to foster cross-border collaboration and implement integrated solutions for climate change adaptation and sustainable natural resource management in the regions of Aceh (Indonesia), Kedah (Malaysia), and Sokhla (Thailand).This project seeks to address the interconnected environmental challenges faced by these regions by promoting cooperation among governments, non-governmental organizations, local communities, and other stakeholders.

Objectives: Build Climate Resilience, Conserve Biodiversity, Promote Sustainable Resource Management, Facilitate Transboundary Cooperation, and Empower Local Communities.

Expected Outcomes:

  1. Increased awareness and understanding of climate change impacts and adaptation strategies among communities in Aceh, Kedah, and Sokhla.
  2. Improved protection and restoration of key biodiversity areas, leading to enhanced habitat connectivity and species conservation.
  3. Adoption of sustainable resource management practices, resulting in improved ecosystem services, livelihoods, and food security for local communities.
  4. Strengthened institutional frameworks and partnerships for transboundary cooperation and joint management of shared natural resources.
  5. Enhanced resilience and adaptive capacity of vulnerable communities to climate change, supported by inclusive and participatory decision-making processes.

Project Activities:

  1. Conduct community workshops and awareness campaigns on climate change adaptation measures and disaster risk reduction strategies.
  2. Establish protected areas and biodiversity corridors through collaborative conservation efforts and reforestation initiatives.
  3. Implement sustainable forestry and fisheries management practices, including community-based monitoring and enforcement mechanisms.
  4. Facilitate cross-border dialogues, knowledge exchange, and capacity-building workshops among government agencies, NGOs, and local communities.
  5. Support the development of climate-resilient livelihoods and income-generating activities for vulnerable groups, such as eco-tourism and sustainable agriculture initiatives.
  6. Monitor and evaluate project progress and impacts through participatory approaches and scientific assessments.
  7. Disseminate project findings, best practices, and lessons learned through publications, workshops, and policy briefs to inform future decision-making and replication of successful interventions.

The project targets various groups including local communities such as indigenous peoples, farmers, fisherfolk, and other residents in Aceh, Kedah, and Sokhla, directly affected by environmental changes and natural resource management decisions. Government agencies, including relevant ministries, departments, and local authorities responsible for environmental protection and disaster risk reduction in the three regions, are also engaged. Additionally, the project involves non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and civil society organizations (CSOs) focusing on environmental conservation, climate resilience, and community empowerment in Aceh, Kedah, and Sokhla. Academic and research institutions contribute their expertise in scientific research, data collection, and knowledge dissemination related to climate change and sustainable development in the targeted regions. Private sector entities, particularly those involved in natural resource extraction, agriculture, tourism, and infrastructure development, are also included in the project’s scope.

Countries/Regions: Aceh, Indonesia: Located on the northern tip of Sumatra, Aceh is known for its rich biodiversity, including rainforests, mangrove swamps, and coral reefs, making it a priority area for conservation efforts. Kedah, Malaysia: Situated in the northwest of Peninsular Malaysia, Kedah is characterized by diverse ecosystems, including tropical rainforests, agricultural lands, and coastal areas, facing similar environmental challenges as Aceh. Sokhla, Thailand: Located in the southern region of Thailand, Sokhla encompasses coastal areas, wetlands, and agricultural landscapes, experiencing climate change impacts and natural resource degradation similar to Aceh and Kedah.

Participating Partners: Local NGOs and Community-Based Organizations, Government Agencies, Academic and Research Institutions, Private Sector Partners and Regional and Transboundary Organizations